8th International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries
e-Book of Abstracts QQML2016
Final Program QQML2016
Short Program QQML2016
Plenary Talks - Special Sessions - Workshops
1. Plenary Speech
Digital Scholarship Centers: Transforming Research Using New Media
Sohair Wastawy, Ph.D.*
Dean of Libraries, Florida Institute of Technology
Abstract. As research practices change to incorporate new technologies, it’s important for libraries to provide the new scholarship tools to faculty and students and offer expertise and programs that support users at all levels. Unlike in university labs, the availability of high-end technologies in the library offers an opportunity for the entire university scholarly community to use new tools that enhance their learning. Such availability will not only help students and faculty explore new technologies, but will also encourage cross-disciplinary cooperation and promote campus-wide innovation in research, teaching, and learning. The new Digital Scholarship Centers enable users unfettered access to new tools, new services and the expert help to take advantage of them resulting in new opportunities for discovery and learning.
This presentation aims to inform attendees about this major development in academic libraries and share the successful implementation of a Digital Scholarship Lab at Florida Institute of Technology Library.
*Dr. Wastawy has been Dean of Libraries at Florida Institute of Technology since October 2013. Before arriving to Florida Tech, Dr. Wastawy was the Dean of the University Libraries at Illinois State University. From 2004 to 2010, Dr. Wastawy provided leadership for a full range of library and cultural activities as the chief librarian of the new Library of Alexandria in Egypt where she was instrumental in founding and building the programs the Library of Alexandria offers today. She also worked as the Dean of Libraries at Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) from 1992 to 2004 and was affiliated with IIT since 1988 where she was as an Information Specialist and Library Director for the Center of the Study of Professional Ethics until 1992. Prior to her work with IIT, Dr. Wastawy was a lecturer in Saudi Arabia and Egypt, respectively. She currently serves as member of the Executive Committee of the Qatar National Library and has been a member of a number of professional boards and associations and a recipient of many awards and honors including a Fulbright scholarship. She is also an international consultant for library buildings and management.
Dr. Wastawy received her BA, MA, and completed work towards her Ph.D. thesis in Linguistics at Cairo University, Egypt. She possesses a Master’s degree in Library and Information Science from The Catholic University of America, Washington DC, USA and a Doctorate degree in Library and Information Management from Simmons College, Massachusetts, USA.
2. Plenary Speech
Library Worldviews, Designs, and Methods: Mixed Methods Simple and Complex
Martha Kyrillidou, Ph.D.**
Abstract. We need to be creative in how we deal with the issues of accountability and assessment! If the world may have one library while at the same time the world may have 3 million libraries in 2100 as O’Donnell predicts, what are the quantitative and qualitative approaches that will help us articulate the value of the one universal library and the value of the three million library communities at the same time? What is provoking new thinking about library assessment? What are some key trends that are influencing what we are doing? We know the world is complex and mixed methods research approaches are a reflection of this complexity. We need for assessment to involve multiple methods in a consistent manner yet creative. We need both qualitative and quantitative measures – outcomes aren’t enough and transactional surveys aren’t enough on their own. We all engage in learning through some way of engaging our worldviews, developing designs, and deploying methods almost all the time. Many such methods are simple enough to do without expert advice yet others must be used with some care and require deep expertise. Every librarian and every library can do assessment with some thought to enhance the ubiquitous capacity for our user communities to access information and services in improved ways.
**Martha Kyrillidou consults in evaluation, assessment and R&D activities. She helps libraries respond to customer needs through the development of user-focused services and culture that enhance the user-experience. With an understanding of trends in services, collections, facilities, and personnel she can help a library tell their story through narratives, visuals and numbers. As the original architect of the StatsQUAL suite of services at the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), Martha can consult and help you maximize the benefits you derive from LibQUAL+, ClimateQUAL and MINES for Libraries. She has also worked on digital library as well as special collections assessment and evaluation methods. Her work has defined the growing and dynamic library assessment community of practice. She can help you with accreditation, grant writing, evaluation plans or serve as your external evaluator and data analyst for your grant and sponsored activities. Martha is a Research Associate at the iSchool at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, bridging research and practice. She teaches Research Methods at Kent State University. She is on the planning committee of the 2016 Library Assessment Conference and co-chaired the previous conferences. For 22 years she led the ARL assessment programs. In 2003 she spearheaded the development of the StatsQUAL gateway to library assessment tools at ARL that includes LibQUAL+, ClimateQUAL, MINES for Libraries, DigiQUAL and LibValue in addition to the ARL Statistics. Martha has published widely and is available to present, conduct training, and facilitate strategy development. She has a PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and two master’s degrees from Kent State University, one in library science and a second one in evaluation and measurement. Her undergraduate degree is from Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, Greece. She can also be located at marthakyrillidou.com (forthcoming).
3. Plenary Speech
Making Open the Default in Scholarly Communication, and the Implications for the Future of Libraries
Consultant SPARC Europe – www.sparceurope.org Managing Director DOAJ – www.doaj.org
Abstract. The presentation will explore how recent developments and expected changes in scholarly communication (i.e. Open Access to Publications, Access to Research Data and Software) should or could influence the shaping of the future Academic Library. Since academic librarians and libraries have played a major role in the growth of open access, the developments are not a cause and effect relationship, but more a landscape of opportunities, where libraries can play an even more central and important role in education and research processes.
Lars Bjørnshauge – short bio: Currently: SPARC Europe Director of European Library Relations and Managing Director, DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals. Past: Deputy Director, Acting Director, Technical Information Center of Denmark Technical University of Denmark (1992-2000), Director of Libraries at Lund University, Sweden (2001-2011). President of the Danish Research Library Association 1992-1994 1st Vice-President of the Swedish Library Association 2005-2011. Founder of the Directory of Open Access Journals (www.doaj.org), co-founder of OpenDoar, the Directory of Open Access Repositories, (www.opendoar.org) and co-founder of the Directory of Open Access Books (www.doabooks.org).
4. Plenary Speech
What Happens Next? Strategies for Building and Assessing the Long-term Impact of Research Projects
Professor Hazel Hall
Director of the Centre for Social Informatics Edinburgh Napier University UK
Abstract. The impact of research and its measurement is an important research topic, particularly at a time when value for money in public spending is paramount. Indeed in some geographies, such as the UK and Australia, consideration of impact has become routine in the process of developing research proposals. Here it is expected that the benefits of the proposed research to the economy, society, culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life beyond academia are considered in the context of research project goals. This puts an onus on researchers to identify the means of maximising the potential research impact of their work even before funding is granted. Research completed by members of the Centre for Social Informatics at Edinburgh Napier University in 2011 concluded that impactful Library and Information Science (LIS) research enjoys high-level support, involves the participation of practitioners, and engages a dissemination strategy that takes into account practitioner preferences for consuming research output that is presented in an accessible way. It is also important that LIS practitioners are supported to engage with research by their employers and professional bodies. The findings of this earlier work influenced the Centre for Social Informatics’ delivery of AHRC-funded Developing Research Excellence and Methods (DREaM) project in 2011/12. The goal of this project was to develop a UK-wide network of library and information science researchers. A follow-up study entitled DREaM Again presented an opportunity to measure the impact of DREaM three years after it ended. 32 of the 35 DREaM participants who attended all three of the research methods workshops (the core of the DREaM event series) completed surveys and contributed to focus groups in London and Edinburgh in summer 2015. The findings of this study revealed that since completing the programme the participants had (1) implemented new and innovative research methods and techniques in workplace environments; (2) disseminated relevant, high priority research output to inform policy, determine information services provision, and develop the future LIS research agenda; and (3) enhanced possibilities for the exploration of new research initiatives. It was also revealed that the members of this group continue to work together in a loose, but persistent, network across the UK. Other impacts of the DREaM project were also noted, such as the academic impact of the work disseminated by the cadre members, and uptake of the methods used in the delivery of the DREaM project events. This closing plenary presentation at QQML 2016 will focus on strategies for building and assessing long-term impact into LIS research projects. The main messages will be illustrated by best practice in LIS research, with particular reference to lessons learnt from DREaM and DREaM Again.
Professor Hazel Hall is Director of the Centre for Social Informatics at Edinburgh Napier University, where she also holds the institutional role of Athena SWAN Academic Champion. Amongst her external appointments, Professor Hall is Chair of the Panel Advisory Board of Research Councils UK's Digital Economy Theme. For further information, please see the longer profile athttp://hazelhall.org/. Contact Hazel at email@example.com
5. Plenary Speech
Collaboration and Co-operation: Designing Services for a Federated University
Senate House Librarian University of London Senate House Malet Street London WC1E 7HU UK
Abstract. Senate House Library sits at the very heart of the University of London. Established in 1871 the Library has undergone significant change and continues to evolve to meet the needs of an international research community. In common with many higher education institutions, Senate House Library must rise to the challenge of innovating and delivering value-add services whilst not alienating its core user community. This paper will look at the evolving research landscape and the challenges and opportunities this affords both Senate House Library and peers across the sector. The paper will discuss approaches for collaborating on joint initiatives and will cite current examples of projects in which the Library is involved.
Jackie Marfleet, formerly Head of Advice and Records Knowledge at The National Archives, has more than 20 years of experience in the library, information and knowledge management sectors. She has worked in both the private and public sectors and was previously the British Library’s Head of Reference and Research. Jackie was appointed to the role of Senate House Librarian in April 2014 and is dedicated to facilitating increased collaboration between the Library and the national and global research communities it serves.
6. Plenary Speech
Trends and Challenges to Future Libraries: Exploring Research Approaches
Senior Lecturer & Director of the Centre for Information Literacy Research, Information School, The University of Sheffield, 211 Portobello Street, Sheffield, S1 4DP. UK
Abstract. What types of research approach and method could help librarians tell compelling stories about the value of libraries and librarians? Sheila Webber will explore the possibilities for moving beyond Key Performance Indicators, in particular considering the power of qualitative approaches such as ethnography, phenomenography and autoethnography, and mixed methods such as action research and case study.
Sheila Webber is a Senior Lecturer in the Information School, University of Sheffield, where she is Head of the Libraries and Information Society Research Group and Director of the Centre for Information Literacy Research. Her core areas for teaching and research are information literacy and information behaviour. She is a committee member of the IFLA (International Federation of Library associations and Institutions) Information Literacy Section and the UNESCO GAPMIL (Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy) European chapter. She is an invited speaker on information literacy internationally, including presentations and workshops in Australia, Canada and 16 European countries. She has maintained the Information Literacy Weblog since 2005 http://information-literacy.blogspot.com (which is approaching 1.5 million page views). Sheila was recipient of the 2015 UK e-Information Group’s Jason Farradane award.
7. Plenary Speech
The Value of Facet Analysis as a General Research Methodology for Modelling Subject Domains
Department of Information Studies University College London Gower Street London WC1E 6BT UK
Abstract. The study examines the theory underlying faceted classification, how and where it has influenced classification and indexing practice, and what advantages it brings to the broader activity of knowledge organization. The role of facet analysis as a general research methodology is considered, and how it compares with other content analysis tools as a means of modelling subject domains. The use of categories as the basis of text analysis is not confined to the field of controlled vocabulary design, nor to the discipline of library and information science. Facet analysis per se appears as a domain related methodology in a number of social sciences from the 1960s onwards, and analytical techniques very similar to those used in facet analysis occur in other qualitative research methods such as systems theory and grounded theory. The nature of the category and the categorization process is subject to development from its origins in Ranganathan’s theory, and the faceted approach of the UK Classification Research Group uses a much larger range of basic categories, as do many faceted schemes constructed in the late twentieth century in Europe and the United States. More recent work on classification in the humanities identifies further categories, fundamental to the analysis of these disciplines. It may be said that, while the idea of the fundamental category is inherent in faceted work, the number and nature of the categories is open to interpretation, and in that case it is hard to see a significant difference from the analytical equivalents of PMEST in, for example, soft systems theory. In most of these methodologies there is a strong correlation between categorization and coding, and so we see in more interpretive content analytic techniques such as grounded theory. In contrast with faceted classification, where the purpose is to build a domain model using established theory, here the objective is to build the theory itself. Something more may be inferred about the epistemological basis of facet analysis: whether it is entirely rationalist in nature, or whether the act of analysis itself generates the categories necessary to provide the model.
Vanda Broughton is Professor of Library and Information Studies at University College London. She has been Programme Director for the MA Library & Information Studies, and until recently Graduate Tutor (Research). She teaches the classification element of the modules Cataloguing and Classification 1 and 2, and also the doctoral seminar on research skills and methodologies. She is the author of three standard textbooks on classification, thesaurus construction, and the Library of Congress Subject Headings, as well numerous papers and articles on knowledge organization, particularly faceted classification. She is Editor of the Bliss Bibliographic Classification Second edition, and Associate Editor of the Universal Decimal Classification.
Special and Contributed Sessions
1. Session Title: Emerging trends in Agricultural Information Systems Worldwide
Coordinator: Deva E. Reddy, PhD, Associate Professor, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-5000, firstname.lastname@example.org
Scope & rationale: Agricultural information transfer system consists of four independent yet related components: development, documentation, dissemination, and diffusion of information broadly corresponding to generation of information, organization of information, communication of information, and utilization of information. In other words, these systems can be identified as agricultural research system, agricultural information system, agricultural extension system, and user community system.
Over the years enough of discussion on major agricultural information systems such as AGRIS, Agricola, CRIS of USDA, and CARIS of FAO has taken place. It is noticed that several internet based commodity/mission/product oriented information systems are in vogue such as fertilizer information systems, pesticide information systems, irrigation information systems, and seed information system. Other examples include AGORA, HINARI, OARE, and SIDALC. The special session is aimed at focusing on these topics. Other possible areas for discussion include patenting in agriculture, open access to scholarly communication in agriculture, and access to private research information in agriculture.
2. Session Title: Linking research and practice: the synergies and their relevance to practice, policy and academia
Coordinator: Maria G. N. Musoke*, Professor of Information Science and Former University Librarian, Makerere University, Kampala,Uganda, East Africa.
Scope & rationale: In an era of partnership and collaboration, rapid advances in information technology, paradigm shifts in research, learning and teaching, the growing research information that is increasingly becoming open access and the demands from library users, there is need to build on the synergies to impact academic and research libraries’ service delivery.
Practicing librarians who conduct research or LIS academics and researchers who do research related to the practice of academic librarianship are invited to contribute papers to this session. The papers should share research findings about innovative practices and experiences – what works and what doesn’t - to enable the participants to learn from the best practices or avoid what doesn’t work. The application of the research findings to library service delivery, policy and in academia will enrich the session.
3. «Book Bank System, a Model for Enhancing Access to Reading Materials in Academic Libraries with Low Budgets: An Experience from Makerere University in Uganda», Helen M. Byamugisha, Makerere University.
*Maria G. N. Musoke [BSc.Dip. Ed; PGDLib. (Mak); MLib (Wales); PhD (Sheffield)] is a Professor of Information Science at Makerere University in Uganda, East Africa, and is the first female Professor in that field in her country. Before then, she was the University Librarian/Director of Makerere University Library Services for ten years. Prior to that, she was the head of Makerere University Medical library for seven years. She has written a book titled ‘Informed and healthy: theoretical and applied perspectives on the value of information to health care to be published by Elsevier Academic Press in 2016. As part of her post-doctoral contribution to Uganda, Professor Musoke started (a) a cross-cutting digital literacy course for graduate students and researchers titled ‘Information competence and management’ (b) a course for MScLIS titled ‘Health information systems and services’; (c) a Rural outreach health information programme. She has done research, published and presented at many conferences. She has published and presented at many conferences. She has also been a keynote presenter at several occasions.
3. Session Title: Issues in International Library and Information Science Education
Coordinators: Terry L. Weech, PhD, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, email@example.com and
Fredrick Kiwuwa Lugya, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign; and Librarian I (Academic), Makerere University Library,firstname.lastname@example.org
Scope & rationale: The main goal of this session is to expand our understanding of the trends in international library and information science education and training and how LIS schools may design more effective curricula that prepares internationally recognized LIS professionals. We envision quality assessment of LIS education and training to provide a critical opportunity to benchmark LIS education to allow for international recognition of equivalency of LIS degrees and the possibilities of an international program of LIS education. This session will discuss quality assessment of LIS education and the skills needed of information professionals within the scope of the topics outlined below:
1) Quality Assessment of LIS Education in Developing Countries
2) Quality Assessment of LIS Education in Developed Countries
3) Methods necessary to achieve International recognition of equivalency of LIS degrees
4) Possibilities of an International Program of LIS Education
5) Future of LIS Education in the age of digital information
6) Other topics as identified by a call for proposals
4. Session Title: Reimagining the Academic Library: Building a New and Renovating the Old
Coordinator: Brian Lym*, Professor and Dean of University Libraries, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, USA
Scope & rationale: Designing and redesigning academic libraries to meet fast-changing user expectations, which are not necessarily in harmony, pose a continuing challenge for institutions of higher learning. The building of new academic libraries and the renovation of existing libraries to meet the needs of students and faculty are not simply about the creation of new spaces and architecture: the design and redesign of the academic library for the 21st century is also about the transformation of services and the way the academic library defines itself to meet evolving institutional needs. Both the re/design of the academic library as a facility and as an organization are of critical concern.
Academic librarians, designers, architects, information technologists, campus planners and others who are researching issues concerning the design and renovation of academic libraries are invited to contribute papers to this session. The papers should be practical and highlight findings that are generalizable and useful.
*Brian Lym is the Dean of University Libraries and Professor in the Library department at Adelphi University, Garden City New York. Under his leadership as Dean of Libraries at Adelphi University—whose main library was originally designed by renowned modernist architect, Richard Neutra--the Libraries have begun a strategic renovation to better serve the needs of a 21st century academic community. Prior to his appointment at Adelphi, Mr. Lym was on the library faculty at the City University of New York (CUNY), where he first served at CUNY’s Hunter College campus and then finally at its Medgar Evers College campus. While at Medgar Evers College, he held a special administrative role as Interim Chief Librarian, and in that position he provided key leadership on the $21.4 million wholescale renovation of the college’s library. Besides his current professional interests in learning about and supporting the re/design of academic libraries, Mr. Lym has published articles and delivered conference presentations on information literacy instruction and assessment. He serves on the Academic Advisory Council of METRO (Metropolitan Library Council of New York), and is on the Council of Directors of ConnectNY, a consortium of independent academic institutions in New York State. He holds a MLIS, MS, and BA from the University of California, Berkeley.
List of Papers
1. «Behavior as an Agent of Change: An Ethnographic Study of Student Research Behaviors at Long Island University Libraries», Dr. Valeda Dent, University Libraries, Palmer School of Library and Information Science, Long Island University, USA.
2. “We Built It. Did They Come?: Space and service analysis of a recent renovation in a urban academic library”, Jonathan Cain, University of Oregon United States.
5. Session Title: Effects of the digitization – tools and cases for the analysis of the digital knowledge economy to the academic libraries
Coordinators: Jarmo Saarti1 and Markku Laitinen2*
1University of Eastern Finland
2National Library of Finland
Scope & rationale: The recent changes in the knowledge economy and scientific knowledge dissemination have put academic libraries in a new situation. The demand for open access of scientific publications and the increasing amount of documents published need a new paradigm in the collection policies and collection building strategies of the academic libraries. At the same time the resources allocated to the academic institutions have been decreasing which has caused the need to reallocate the resources in the collection building and management as effectively as possible. The aim of the special session is to analyze how the use of data compiled from different sources, such as statistics and assessing user experience, as a tool for analyzing the effectiveness of the library’s economic resources and how this has effected on the use of the libraries.
1.“Cost-effective” User Satisfaction with Electronic Materials in Finnish Institutions of Higher Education, Markku A. Laitinen, The National Library, Finland.
2. (The title of paper will be given later) Jarmo Saarti, University of Eastern Finland and Markku Laitinen, The National Library, Finland.
The coordinators are willing to choose the rest of the speakers for the session and to act as chairs of the session.
*Markku Laitinen is a Planning Officer at the National Library of Finland. He is responsible for developing library statistics in Finland and as a member of the National Impact Evaluation Group of Finland, he participates in developing the impact assessment of Finnish libraries. He is a member of ISO working groups involved in international standardization regarding library statistics, performance measures, quality indicators and impact assessment. He is, too, a member of the International Scientific Committee of the International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries (QQML). His current interest is helping the libraries to develop simple tools for analyzing data from different sources to evaluate their impact and value to the users. He may be contacted at: email@example.com
6. Session Title: Bibliometric Research
Coordinator: Teresa S. Welsh, Ph.D., Professor of Library & Information Science, University of Southern Mississippi, USA
Bibliometrics, literally 'the measurement of books', includes the statistical analysis of information related to usage or publication patterns. More specific types of bibliometric research includes altmetrics (Web-based impact analysis that includes social media) and scientometrics (analysis of scientific literature). This session includes research such as publication pattern analysis, citation analysis, and content analysis of scholarly literature or Web sites.
1. Workshop title: From reflection to innovation: Using a mixed bag of assessment techniques and action research to reinvigorate your teaching
Abstract Teaching can be a positive or negative experience, which largely depends on the teacher’s reaction to what happens in the classroom. Librarians teaching information literacy skills require a toolbox of different methods to critically reflect on their own instructional practices in order to continue to be dynamic and effective teachers, as well as to support their professional growth and renewal in this area.
Professor Stephen Brookfield, a prolific researcher in the field of adult education, proposes that teachers question their assumptions and critique their practices by examining their instruction through four lenses: 1) their own experiences as learners and teachers; 2) their students’ feedback; 3) their colleagues’ comments; and 4) the published literature. These lenses can help instructors identify their strengths and weaknesses in the content and delivery of their courses, which is the first step in performing action research to improve existing instructional practices. Action research consists of defining the problem/question to study in the classroom, planning the educational intervention and assessment, collecting data, analyzing the data, and reflecting on the findings to innovate or make improvements. The last step of action research brings us full circle, back to critical reflection. Brookfield’s lenses and action research are frequently applied to teaching semester-long, credit courses, which is a different context than the standalone or one-shot information literacy sessions that librarians teach.
Through the presentation of case studies and use of hands-on activities, this workshop will demonstrate how librarians can apply critical reflection (using Brookfield’s four lenses) and action research to their own information literacy sessions with the purpose of reinvigorating their teaching. The workshop instructor will also present lessons learned from employing multiple assessment techniques in the same class (e.g., pretests, post-tests, peer-feedback activities, students’ search strategies on their own topics, etc.). Participants will have the opportunity to critique their own teaching practices, work with different assessment tools, as well as create a personal plan for engaging in critical reflection and action research at their own institutions.
Workshop participants will learn how to:
use different methods to critically reflect on their own teaching
apply action research steps to test an educational intervention in the classroom
involve colleagues, faculty, and students in information literacy assessment
Time: 2 hours
2. Workshop title: A Simple Mobile Interactive Lab for Experiments (SMILE)
This workshop will present and demonstrate a design of a mobile usability lab that can be set up with a shoestring budget. The lab in a bag is ready to go where the participants prefer; thus the study setting for data collection will be natural and comfortable to the participants. Research design using this method for data collection and data analysis will be discussed.
Keywords: Mobile Usability Laboratory; Usability Observation; User System Interactions; HCI; User Studies
Studies of Web users interactions are typically conducted in a usability lab equipped with computers, Internet connections, and screen capturing software. Many potential participants of user studies are not able to come to the usability labs. (Users may be living in an assisted living community or home-bound.) We designed a simple mobile interactive lab for experiments (SMILE)—a usability lab in a bag. SMILE is easy to set up using 4G mobile technology or Wi-Fi to access Internet. The system includes a laptop installed mirroring software ($15 - $63) and screen capturing software ($99 - $399). The labtop will be used by the researcher to observe the sessions. A mobile device (tablet or smartphone) will be used by the user participant to search the Web or use an application.
This workshop will cover the purpose of observing users’ interactions in finding information or using mobile tools, research design for such studies, data collection techniques, and data analysis tools.
The presenter will describe and demonstrate how to set up SMILE. Workshop participants will learn how to use SMILE to observe human-computer interactions and how to collect and analyze data.
Workshop participants will have the opportunity to propose scenarios for observational studies using SMILE. The presenter will select one or two proposed study scenarios to draft a research design that the participants can adopt.
A handout about the method will be provided at the workshop.
Time: The workshop will be 90 minutes.
3. Workshop title: The Emerging Innovative Models of Scientific Publishing: Are We Ready to Manage New Digital Entities?
Dr. Peiling Wang1 and Dr. Dietmar Wolfram2
1University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA [email: firstname.lastname@example.org]
2University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA [email@example.com]
This workshop will deliver the current state-of-the-art in scientific publishing. Innovative open peer review (OPR) models have been proposed and implemented by pioneer publishers in the field of medicine, biology; compare the OPR journals implementing these models. Participants will join debate on the implications of the OPR scientific publishing in academics and libraries.
Keywords: Open Peer Review Models; Scientific Publishing; Innovations of Scientific Publishing; OPR; Interactive Peer Review; Collaborative Peer Review
In the open science era, open access (OA) is a mature concept and practice in the field through Gold OA or Green OA model. Open peer review (OPR), on the other hand, is emerging in the field of scientific publishing. OPR models seek transparency and openness in peer review process. Peer review is the bedrock of modern science for the purpose of quality assurance in scholarly publishing. As a norm, academics rely strongly on peer-reviewed publications for their information needs and career advancements. However, the current blind peer review process as criticized by a former journal editor: “is a flawed process, full of easily identified defects with little evidence that it works.” (Smith, 2006, p. 182) Today’s rapid growth of publications creates new challenges in finding available qualified referees and reviewing carelessly prepared submissions that demand time for constructive comments.
Researchers are calling for innovation in peer review for today’s big science. Interactive and collaborative peer review models can speed up scientific communication and assure quality. (Pöschl & Koop, 2008) Advanced Web technologies can support interactive & collaborative review models: dialogs between reviewer and author as well as readers. It is also manageable to discuss a submission synchronously (such as eLife). A five stars framework was proposed for online journal articles evaluation (Shotton, 2012).
Several OPR models are emerging:
Pre-publication editor designated peer review as a short-term evaluation (traditional model) –although a classic model, an article’s peer review history may be published, if so chosen by the author; the reviewer may choose to reveal identity. (PeerJ)
Post-publication open peer review without editor (F1000Research)—a fully open peer review model in that peer review process is fully transparent: signed reviewer reports, author responses, and reader comments are all published as soon as they are made alongside of the article
Post-publication peer assessment of editorial peer reviewed publications as a long-term evaluation—identified peers can submit review anytime in a system of selected experts (e.g., F1000Prime)
All OPR journals are also Gold OA journals. Thus, either authors or institutions will pay for processing costs. There are also several models for pricing:
Article-based: by length (F1000Research: US$150-US$1,000)
Author-based pre-pay: lifetime membership of different levels (PeerJ: one article per year for US$99; two articles per year for US$199; etc.)
Institution-based plans: basic; enhanced; various models (more that 50 universities have signed up plans).
What are the implications of OPR journals for libraries?
This workshop will be interactive combining presentations, breakout discussion, and reflective report.
Presentation. The presenters will introduce and discuss the current OPR models for scholarly publishing and compare the implementations of OPR journals.
Breakout session. The participants will be invited to debate on the implications of OPR journals for libraries:
What standards should be established to make OPR journals more manageable? How to define accessible unit for OPR journal articles that are integrated entities consisting of review reports, author rebuttals and data deposition. How to redesign or enhance information retrieval systems? How research should be conducted to identify best practices and to project the future of OPR models? How scholars publishing in OPR journal will be assessed? What should libraries do to facilitate researchers adopting OPR journals?
Reflective Summary. The organizers will report the outcomes of breakout session and propose further research ideas.
Ford, E. Defining and Characterizing Open Peer Review: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Scholarly Publishing 44, no. 4 (2013): 311-326.
Pöschl, U. & Koop, T. (2008) Interactive open access publishing and collaborative peer review for improved scientific communication and quality assurance. Information Services & Use, 28: 105-7.
Publish or perish? The future of scholarly publishing and careers held by ICIS (Innovating Communication in Scholarship) Project. (UC Davis, February 13 - 14, 2014) https://www.eventbrite.com/e/publish-or-perish-the-future-of-scholarly-publishing-and-careers-tickets-9504521279
Shotton, D. The Five Stars of Online Journal Articles—A Framework for Article Evaluation. D-Lib Magazine 18, no. 1/2 (2012).
Smith, R. (2006) Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science and journals. Journal of Royal Society of Medicine, 99: 178-182.
Wang, P., Rath, M. & Deike, M. (2016). Open peer review: an innovation in scientific publishing. 2016 iConference. (Philadelphia, PA, March 20-23)
4. Workshop title: New public management – Success story or just an excuse for cost-reduction in libraries?
Prof. Dr. Petra Düren1 and Jarmo Saarti2
1Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Department Information. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 University of Eastern Finland Library. E-mail: email@example.com
From the 1980’s – in some parts of Europe from the 1990’s - onward the new public management (NPM) has emerged in public organizations. Since then there has been a need to develop strategies, to plan budgets, and to implement cost and activity accounting as well as benchmarking to compare the library’s processes, costs and activities with those of other libraries. One basic idea of the NPM was to make a transition from institutional function towards a product-orientation, to improve the quality of the library services, to develop output-orientation, and to act market and consumer-oriented. There also was a need to change from the bureaucratic and hierarchically acting organizations to a more modern flexible and lean form of management.
Many libraries are faced with serious financial cutbacks on the one hand and with emergent needs to (re)invest in neglected public infrastructure on the other hand and what is more, they have to develop modern digital library services. Thus there is a need for efficiency, which is put in action via major budget cutbacks. Also many libraries have been closed down since the implementation of NPM ideas.
The aim of this workshop is to discuss if the NPM approach is a success story or just an excuse for cost-reduction in libraries.
We begin with two presentations: the first will describe the basic ideas of NPM, their realization in libraries and how libraries have to handle constantly reduced budgets and the risk of being closed down; the second presentation will show how the University of Eastern Finland Library has managed to improve its services with the new public management approach.
After this, we will discuss several topics related to NPM in libraries with the workshop participants.
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